Cover_discrimination_full_140Sex Discrimination in Sport – An Update
Lawyer and sport management professor Hilary Findlay provides an up-to-date legal snapshot of the ‘lay of the land” as it applies to sex discrimination today. This report begins with seven real-life discrimination scenarios that set the stage for an explanation of the subtle issues that now enter legal analysis of discrimination. Federal and provincial jurisdiction is described, along with some of the unique circumstances of the Canadian sport system that make a jurisdictional analysis somewhat challenging. Such seemingly contradictory decisions can leave sport administrators scratching their heads about what might, and what might not, constitute sex discrimination in sport.

Click here to download a free PDF of this publication (277KB, 20 pages) or
Click here to download a PDF of this executive summary (147KB, 2 pages).

Cover_Summ_Transition_Dis140Including Transitioned and Transitioning Athletes in Sport – Issues, Facts, and Perspectives
A discussion paper on the topic of gender transition and sport participation. Part of a larger project aimed at creating a shared understanding of gender diversity, this discussion paper approaches the issue from historical, ethical, educational, and scientific perspectives, and observes that contrary to popular belief, there is no empirical evidence to either support or refute the assumption that transitioned athletes compete at an advantage or disadvantage compared with physically born females and males. The Promising Practices: Working with Transitioning/Transitioned Athletes in Sport project was initiated by AthletesCAN, in partnership with the Canadian Centre for Ethics in Sport (CCES) and the Canadian Association for the Advancement of Women and Sport and Physical Activity (CAAWS), to identify and discuss the barriers that inhibit the participation of gender-transitioning and gender-transitioned athletes in sport. To download a copy of the discussion paper and the summary, or to view the various components of the project, click here.

Cover_Homophobia_Discuss1401Seeing the Invisible, Speaking about the Unspoken
A Position Paper On Homophobia in Sport 
In keeping with its mandate to increase the participation of women and girls in sport and physical activity, CAAWS has recently prepared a position paper on homophobia in sport. Homophobia – or the fear and hatred of homosexuals – is often an obstacle to participation in sport among all groups: women and men, young and old, homosexual and heterosexual. In particular, many girls and women shy away from sport out of fear they will be perceived as lesbians. Click here to download a FREE pdf of the position paper (162 KB, 11 pages). Click here to download a pdf of this executive summary (179 KB, 2 pages).


cover_womenon-boardsWomen on Boards: A Guide to Getting Involved
Women, through participation on governing boards and in senior roles of organizations, have a significant impact on sport in Canada from the grassroots level to elite international competitions. However, women are often underrepresented in leadership at the board level, leaving a void in discussions, perspectives and decision-making.
CAAWS is dedicated to encouraging girls and women to both participate and lead in sport and physical activity. Women on Boards: A Guide to Getting Involved, produced by CAAWS in partnership with 2010 Legacies Now, provides both organizations and women who are interested in serving on boards, with practical resources to ensure strong representation and leadership from women at the board level. Click here to download the entire guide (3 MB, 72 pages) or Click here to download by section.



Self-Esteem, Sport and Physical Activity – Free Download from CAAWS
The younger years in a child’s life are critical for producing positive self-esteem and may be influenced by personality, parenting techniques and role modelling. Coaches, physical education teachers and active living leaders can positively influence self-esteem and provide girls and women with ongoing incentive to participate and personally succeed in physical activity endeavours. Click here for a free PDF (52 KB, 4 pages), complete with check lists, to help build self-esteem in girls and young women.




Positive Messaging for Girls and Young Women – Free Download from CAAWS
While some girls and women excel at sport and physical activity, others face barriers to their participation, including inadequate opportunities to participate and develop their skills, little support and encouragement from parents, teachers and coaches, and a lack of positive role models. Making a difference in the lives of girls and young women can be easy – click here for a free PDF (36 KB, 2 pages) with five ways you can encourage girls and young women in a positive, productive way.